Caldwell is now home to 12 wineries.
Caldwell has always been an agricultural center, but the nature of that agriculture is changing as the area's burgeoning wine industry continues to grow. The town is also home to The College of Idaho, named one of the best liberal arts colleges in the country by U.S. News and Report in 2012. It's also the center of one of the largest Hispanic populations in the state, creating shifting demographics in one of the most conservative communities around.
By the Numbers
Population (2011 estimate) : 46,905
Population growth (April 1, 2010-July 1, 2011) : 1.4 %
Square miles of land area (2010) : 22.06
Language other than English spoken at home : 26.4 %
High-school graduate or higher : 77.7 %
Bachelor's degree or higher : 12.5 %
Mean travel to work (minutes) :23.2
Housing units (2010) : 16,323
Homeownership rate (2007-2011) :66.3 %
Median value of owner-occupied housing units : $117,000
Median household income :$38,604
Persons below the poverty line : 21.3 %
—Data from U.S. Census Bureau